Industry Reports

European Banks Conference Call: Capable of Economic Earnings?


Just prior to 3Q16 European bank earnings, Viola Risk broadcasted our views on whether the big bank group can generate economic earnings and build economic book value. This is important for Stakeholder Stack valuations. 

Italian Banking: Finito as Financial Intermediaries?


Italian Banking is a non sequitur as it has failed in its mission to provide adequate credit to the country’s domestic borrowing companies and retail customers in a well credit risk underwritten way. The solution to the “Italian Banking” situation is NOT a wholesale across-the-board recapitalization of the major banks, but a combination of a “US-style Resolution Trust Corporation” process for the weak and less systemically significant banks such as Monte dei Paschi di Sienna (MDPS). At the same time it is a ring-fencing exercise for the largest Italian bank, UniCredit, whereby it will require a European Union-led “bridge“ credit line that has an equity-like takeout component. 

European Banking Dysfunction: Is There a Way Out?


European Banking trying to survive the enormous pressures brought on by bad strategies, management and regulatory supervision. Deutsche Bank continues to suffer.

Viola Buzz: Why a Fortress Balance Sheet Matters to the C-Suite


David Hendler presented to FactSet's Investment Process Symposium, Inaugural Fixed Income Summit in March 2015.

CCAR: Capital Freedom, Not So DFAST!


Finally we can start our July 4th weekend, as CCAR was released. Despite capital actions for big banks/brokers, most are still mired in EVA black holes. Not good for stock prices.

DFAST’s Faustian Bargain: Capital/Loss Iceberg


DFAST got swamped by BREXIT, but we review the key concerns from capital to losses that the Fed seems to ignore at the systems peril. Stakeholders stack beware.

TLAC To Rescue: Requirements & Compliance


The Fed’s proposed TLAC requirements are more stringent than those issued by FSB.  Two U.S. GSIBs already meet requirements according to Fed estimates.  The remaining GSIBs’ estimated shortfalls are probably inflated given large volume of debt and preferred stock issuance and reduction of RWA year-to-date. 

OCC Trading & Derivatives Report: Systemic Conditions Remain


The OCC’s quarterly report on bank trading & derivative activities showed continued falling trading volumes/notionals trends.  Still, four U.S. GSIB banks dominate the derivatives trading market (90%+), and we wonder if they are becoming a bigger portion of a still sizeable market.  CCAR results & other strategies show that there are still excess company-specific risks and that they present systemic risk to the banking system. 

Conference Chat: SYF and ALLY – Moving Up & Out


Like millennials finally moving out (kicked out?), SYF and ALLY are both in the process of splitting off from their parents.  Their status as market leaders in their respective businesses and their shared focus on growing their capital base, especially deposit funding, should (literally) pay dividends soon.

As Rates Zoom, Will Banks Face Glee or Gloom?


We believe that the big banks with more rate challenges regarding their asset/liability management profiles include Bank of America and Citigroup. JPMorgan and Wells Fargo should have less rate challenges than the other two big banks as they have been more conservative in how they structure their rate sensitivities or ran lower investment securities durations. Also, they exhibit much stronger loan origination capability given their market reach and better developed consumer/commercial brands.  On the regional bank side, we are more concerned with KeyCorp and SunTrust. Both banks have noted the impact of their swaps books on their ALM strategy and seem to think that they can smoothly re-rack this posture when rates rise.

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